Our Bishop Antoun will make a pastoral visit to All Saints from November 4-6, 2011. At the hierarchical services on Sunday, November 6 (beginning at 9:00 a.m.), the bishop will officially consecrate our new temple and altar and iconostasis. Note that this is a date change from what was previously announced.
Story by Kh. Barbara Sorensen
Flying into Pittsburgh, I was anxiously anticipating what experiences I might find ahead of me. How will I converse with these holy sisters in Christ? How will I open my eyes to see and my heart to accept the eternal lessons that might lie ahead?
I had several reasons to visit the Orthodox Monastery of the Transfiguration. I had hoped to find my dear friend and former All Saints member, novice Sister Mary, acclimated to and comfortable with the monastic life she had recently chosen. I wanted to interview some of the nuns to gain a deeper understanding of their lives and write about them. And I desperately needed a “peaceful rest for my soul, away from the busy-ness of the world” as I had read in the monastery brochure.
A visit to the monastery can provide a peaceful rest for your soul,
an opportunity to get away from the busy-ness of the world
and a time to experience God’s presence and guidance.
We hope that you will plan to visit us.
Smiling Sister Mary met me at the airport on a bit of a dreary, drizzly day. No matter, the warmth of being reunited with a dear friend in Christ shone brighter than the gloomy day. (I must admit that at first it was quite strange seeing Sister Mary in her all black garb for the first time, but she appeared to be comfortable, putting me at ease.)
Driving with Sister Mary into Ellwood City, 30 miles northwest of Pittsburgh, I saw a small town reminiscent of other small Pennsylvania towns with which I was familiar. As we drove along some winding two-lane roads, I marveled at the green, lush foliage and lovely spring flowers — dogwoods, lilies of the valley, and luscious lilacs. They brought back many fond memories of living in Western Maryland as a young girl. Already my soul was being refreshed!
Turning left at the stone sign that signified the Monastery grounds, we slowly followed the path while Sister Mary pointed out sights that I knew I must capture and carry back in my mind’s eye. On the right was the cemetery where we would find Mother Alexandra, (formerly Princess Ileana of Romania) founder of the monastery. On the left was one of the guesthouses, St. Macrina’s, and an outdoor pavilion for worship. On the right was the gazebo where folks gathered to eat and hold meetings outdoors. Across the way was the main building which housed the chapel, refractory, library, bookstore, hospitality room, and the cloister, housing the sisterhood. Then at the end of the path near the woods was St. Bridget’s guesthouse, my home for the long weekend. (Later when I met Mother Barbara, she invited me to make a “nest” for myself there and relax, which I readily did!)
Upon entering the chapel, I stood in awe of the magnificent iconography—“Surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which so easily ensnares us”
(Hebrews 12:1). As I soaked in the holy space, it felt as if layer upon layer of accumulated weight fell away. I was feeling lighter. Simply standing in the presence of Our Risen Lord, His blessed Mother and all the saints was awesome beyond words.
Of particular importance in the narthex was the Healing Corner. Housed in this corner are icons of saints who have been known to heal, various oils, prayers, and lists of dear ones suffering from assorted ailments. I felt compelled to visit that corner often during my stay and pray for family and friends who are suffering.
Another very powerful point of interest in the narthex was the reliquary where relics of many saints have been housed and venerated. This has been a great source of blessing and comfort for the monastics as well as for visiting pilgrims.
Dining in the refractory with the Mothers, Sisters and guests, we sensed our oneness in Christ as together we sang, “Christ is risen from the dead, trampling down death by death”.
Abbess Mother Christophora blessed the food, invited us to take our seats, and encouraged us to enjoy our lunch together. Though a fasting day, Mother Galina whipped up a fabulously tasty Chinese dish.
Daily Prayers and Worship
The cycle of prayers and liturgy uplifted us to the heavens. The Friday night Akathist to the Blessed Theotokos on behalf of our youth was very moving. As Mother Christophora read the Akathist, each of us silently prayed from prayer lists—sick children, young soldiers, struggling teens, tiny infants—each mentioned by name. I was reminded of our Lord’s words: “let the little children come to Me, and do not forbid them, for of such is the kingdom of heaven”
A unique situation occurred on Saturday night. Fr. Thomas Hopko who typically serves the Vigil was out of town. Therefore, the nuns just kept joyfully singing the Paschal celebration. It felt like Pascha Sunday all over again! Wanting to stay in the moment, I took in the sights of beautiful flowers adorning the icons, the sounds of angelic voices, the smell of incense wafting as Sister Martha passed by with the incenser.
Sunday Liturgy felt like and sounded like worship in our parish. I felt like I was at home with family. I noticed as guests arrived, Mother Christophora noted who they were and later sang the Paschal hymn in their language. I felt sure those guests felt at home, too.
Thank God, I got up early on Monday morning at 6:30 am to pray Matins and the Hours. Most guests had left for home so it was very quiet. Such a peaceful time of prayer, a great parting memory for my return to Raleigh!
As I drove away from the beautifully serene grounds, renewed in body and soul, I prayed I would carry the spirit of this holy place in my heart and share it with others.
A Day in the Life . . .
All of the Mothers and sisters have obediences (or duties) that they must perform throughout the day. It’s hard work keeping the monastery running smoothly — tending the beautiful gardens, maintaining the bookstore, preparing the meals, doing the dishes, keeping up with the paperwork, just to name a few tasks. While all the nuns perform their assigned obediences as part of their worship life, their lives are punctuated with corporate morning and evening prayers. In addition, each has her own personal prayer rule. These prayers are prayed in their individual cells.
Although praying daily for the world is their primary ministry, their second essential ministry is hospitality. Food and shelter for the body, comfort and prayers for the soul are provided for visiting pilgrims, both orthodox and non-orthodox. The annual pilgrimage on their feast day, August 6, brings hundreds to celebrate. Yet the one needy soul who shows up at the door is warmly greeted, as well.
Words of Wisdom
It was my privilege and blessing to have the opportunity to interview Mother Christophora and a few of the nuns. The following gems of wisdom were graciously shared in response to a couple of questions that I posed:
Abbess Mother Christophora’s Message to the World
Man is made in the image and likeness of God and is capable of knowing God, even being like God through grace. We can come to know life beyond daily experience of material things. We can know we have eternal life, which begins here on earth. We can be in communion with God every moment of our lives–in every detail of life, of our responsibilities, our relationships with others, every task we do whether at work, at home or in church. We can feel God’s presence with us at all times and in every place. We can learn to speak to Him on the altar of our hearts, whether alone or with others. God is real. He reveals Himself to us, and He wants us to know Him. Knowing Him is different from knowing about him. We can learn about God by reading books; but we come to know Him through prayer, silence, and through relationships with others, through nature, art and beauty… even through noise, especially of children.
Mother Christophora’s Message to the Parish
We are members of Christ. St. Paul says the Church is the Body of Christ, and we all are members with different responsibilities. Each responsibility is important and needed and is not to be neglected. Some are called to serve in church, even in the altar, while others sing or read during the divine services. Yet they are not the only ones that make up the church, nor should they be considered more important than the other members.
All of us gather together to serve the Holy Liturgy–the old, the young, the infirmed, the healthy — everyone serves the Liturgy together. In the Orthodox Church the priest is not allowed to serve the Liturgy alone with no one else in church.
Besides serving the Liturgy all members, also, have to care for the material side of the church. When Jesus Christ, Son of God, took on human flesh, He saved our life in the world and all material things. He blessed His Church, His body, to encompass material aspects so all care of the physical structure of the church, and its social extensions, are blessed by Christ. So if we clean the church or the parish hall, empty the trash, order the candles, make the coffee, teach a Sunday school class—all are part of serving the Liturgy. Even our personal preparation of prayers on Saturday and Sunday, choosing clothing, polishing our shoes — all are part of the Liturgy.
Mother Magdalena (a nun for 17 years)
“When you need a sign from God, ask. Then make a promise to follow it.” These words guided her when she told God she needed an answer “in her hand” to show her whether to follow the monastic way of life. The answer came by mail when a monk wrote to her stating, “For you, monasticism.”
Mother Karitina (a nun for 23 years)
Her message for parishioners: “Listen to the prayers of the priest. Listen to the Epistle. Listen to the Gospel. Don’t fret if you can’t recall the readings because the Holy Spirit will give you Grace by merely being in the presence of these words.”
“Have a prayer rule. Make it small and stick to it in sickness and health.”
“Talk to God about everything and anything, silently. He will teach you.”
“If you are interested in the monastic life, first practice obedience without murmuring to whomever is close to you. See how that works. How many good or bad feelings are created in your heart? Then come and see.”
Sister Mary (novice)
“The monastic life is not about giving up the world. We limit contact with the world, but when we do it’s with the purpose of embracing the world in prayer. Orthodoxy is new in our country so it is important for us to pray that people are open to the monastic life. The gain is so much greater than anything given up. If you are called to serve and be in the world, though, then do so in the spirit of peace knowing God is in control.”
Mother Elizabeth (oldest in the sisterhood)
“Thank you for the visit. Your coming to see Sister Mary reminds me that …goodness and mercy shall follow her all the days of her life and she shall dwell in the house of the Lord forever.”
Want to Visit the Monastery?
1. First, seek a blessing to visit from Father Nicholas
2. Contact the monastery (724-758-4002 or email@example.com) and ask if you may come for a visit. Have some possible dates in mind. (Note: They get very busy during the summer months.)
3. When you call, ask to speak with Mother Barbara. She keeps the guest schedule and will know what’s available.
4. If you plan to fly, Pittsburgh is your destination. Ask Mother Barbara if there is anyone available to pick you up at the airport.
5. While there is no fee to stay in the guesthouses, a donation is acceptable.
6. You are not required to attend all the services that are available, though you will want to attend at least some.
7. There is no special dress code. You may dress comfortably, yet modestly.
8. If you want to take a gift, the nuns enjoy sweets!
9. Feel free to contact me with any additional questions: firstname.lastname@example.org
Story by Mihai Oara
Story by Mihai Oara
In the Orthodox Church we say that “we are lost alone but are saved together.” I’ve come to understand and appreciate what this “together” means. In the Orthodox faith it’s not just “me and Jesus,” not just an enumeration of sins and merits that cancel each other, but a living community, the Church, entirely fulfilled when and where the priest imparts the Eucharist to a body of believers, under the authority of a bishop. In this community, we work out our salvation together. Each member of the local body can contribute through diligent efforts not only to his or her own salvation, but also to the salvation of others.
In a more general sense, this can be extended to the whole humanity. We are persons living in relationships with other persons, not isolated individuals living in a solipsistic world. Through such relationships we help or hinder, we heal or hurt, we save or destroy. The organic unity of mankind is not only a theological concept, but also a scientific fact. Let’s consider some modern ideas that point to it.
The small world
Perhaps we all had those strange experiences of discovering common acquaintances with somebody that we have just met, sometimes through convoluted or far-fetched connections. In such situations we exclaim: It’s a small world!
From a formal point of view, the small world concept refers to the fact that most of the people in the world are connected through a small number of steps. Is there some fisherman in Kamchatka? I have a good Russian friend in Sankt Petersburg who did his military service there. There is a good chance that through less then four or five connections I can reach that fisherman. If we measure the degree of separation between people, we discovered that everybody is connected with everybody else through a surprisingly small number of steps. There was a popular belief for a while that the magic number that expresses the average degrees of separation is six, whence the expression “six degrees of separation.” While in United States the number is about right, it seems that if we take the whole humanity in account the number is slightly larger, perhaps somewhere around ten.
Social networks tend to create this huge interconnectivity, as a result of man’s nature and inclination to live and work and cooperate with others. Here is one of many examples: I am member in an online professional network that helps people keep in touch with former colleagues or business partners. On this network I have 118 direct contacts, most of them people that I have met during almost 30 years of my career. All these are at one degree of separation from me. The web site allows me to see the number of people with whom I am connected at higher degrees of separation. The ones at two degrees of separation, people who know my acquaintances, form an impressing number: 56,100. At four degrees of separation, I’m connected with no less then 3,171,100 people!
Without being a “well-connected” person, I have discovered a number of interesting connections in my life.
One of my favorite writers is the Argentinean Jorge Luis Borges, author of a series of amazing short stories and Nobel Prize laureate. I used to read his stories, some of them two or three times. Sometime in 1995 I worked on a project with a professor of Computer Science of Argentinean origin, who told me that he has met Borges many years before. At that moment I could claim that there were just two degrees of separation between this great writer and myself.
Although I’m working now as a software engineer, my college degree is in Mathematics, in which I continue to be interested. Many years ago I read about a great Russian mathematician, Yuri Matisievich. He is and will remain famous in the history of Mathematics as the one who solved one of the most difficult problems launched as a challenge by another famous mathematician, David Hilbert, who lived at the end of the nineteenth century. Reading about the problem and about Yuri Matisievich, I happened to notice that he was from St. Petersburg, Russia. As I happened to travel there, I asked one of my friends, Professor Andrei Terekhov, if he heard about this great mathematician. He responded, “Not only that I’ve heard of him, we are good friends.” I solicited Andrei to help me meet him. He arranged for a dinner together, and here I was, at the same table with the man famous in the history of mathematics.
Here is a more interesting one, this time with a saint of the Orthodox Church, St. Silouan. He was a Russian soldier who gave up his military career to become a monk, and went to Mount Athos, where he spent the rest of his life. Never a famous person during his lifetime, he became well know only years after his death, due to one of his spiritual children, later known as Archimandrite Sophrony. After spending a number of years at Mt. Athos, Father Sophrony returned to Western Europe, where he published a number of books about the life and teaching of his spiritual father, and later started a monastery in England.
Father Sophrony had himself a number of spiritual children, to whom he passed the teachings of St. Silouan. One of these was a Romanian monk, Rafail Noica. He was the child of a Romanian philosopher and an English mother. His parents separated when he was young, and knowing that England offers better hopes for the future, his father allowed him to go there with his mother, who happened to be a Baptist. He grew in the Baptist faith, until later he discover Orthodoxy, converted and became a monk. After the fall of Communism he came to Romania and became a hermit, living alone for a number of years somewhere in the Western Carpathians, in Transylvania. As many other people in that situation, he later returned in the world and became a teacher and spiritual father to many young people. He was invited to speak everywhere in the country, in particular to Alba Iulia, my hometown. Archbishop Andrei of Alba Iulia invited him there many times, and I’m sure they know each other very well.
I met Archbishop Andrei for the first time in 2000, when I was investigating the Orthodox faith. I went to the Episcopal building next to the cathedral, looking for somebody to talk about Orthodoxy, and to my surprise I was pushed into his office and I was able to have a good discussion with him. Since that time, I have met him a number of times while visiting Romania.
Here is then the connection: Saint Silouan – Archimandrite Sophronie – Rafail Noica – Archbishop Andrei – myself. I am therefore just four degrees removed from Saint Silouan. I am sure that there are millions whose lives were touched by this saint, perhaps many much closer to him not only by degrees of separation, but also in the way in which they follow his example of a life with Christ.
We may find the small world phenomenon everywhere, even in the Bible. In Philippians 4:22, Apostle Paul sends greetings to those in Caesar’s household. It took just a few years for the Gospel of Him who was crucified by the Romans to reach the household of the man who was at the head of the Roman Empire. As Apostle Paul apparently knew these people, who in turn may have met the Roman emperor, being members of his household as servants or slaves, it looks like there were just three degrees of separation, humanly speaking, between Lord Jesus and the Roman Emperor.
This extraordinary connectness of humanity has some interesting corollaries. The good or the bad things in our lives can easily pass to others, through hidden and mysterious ways that are beyond our knowledge, imagination or control. They follow unexpected chains of human relationships, reaching all the corners of the world. Just as in modern quantum mechanics every small particle has an effect on the whole material universe, so every act, every gesture, every attitude will influence humanity through an indeterminate number of ever extending ripples. Every act of hate may damage not only its intended target, but also the souls of many others, bringing pain and suffering to a multitude of people. Every act of love may bring comfort and blessing not only to its recipient, but also to scores of others who witness it.
In an act of love there is always a Giver, a Receiver, and sometimes a Witness. Clinical studies have discovered that the Receiver has a somatic reaction to the act of the Giver, in that his body releases a “feel good” hormone, which is experienced as peace, satisfaction and well being. It is strange, but the same hormone is also released in the body of the Giver, who thus also benefits from his act of love. Even stranger, it was found that the same thing happens to the Witness, who experiences the same wonderful feeling that life is good and meaningful. This experience is a strong incentive for both the Receiver and the Witness to repeat it, in similar acts of love shown to others. In a small world, this ripple effect may spread fast to all corners of the world.
Nowhere is this more obvious then in the case of natural or spiritual parents and children. This may be a blessing and a tragedy. Children of alcoholics have a greater probability to become alcoholics and children from broken families have a greater propensity to end up with broken families. Sins and virtues tend to continue over many generations. Curses are passed and blessings are inherited. I owe so much to my parents, not only for their effort and sacrifices, but also for the good things they passed to me, which form a wealth more precious then properties and bank accounts. I feel at the same time the responsibility and burden to pass these to my children in such a way that they will in turn also pass them to their children. “Children’s children are the crown of old men,” says Proverbs 17:6. The durability and resilience of the values is proven only when they survive at least two generations.
The capacity of human networks to efficiently carry a message, a teaching or a way of life is a great opportunity for the Gospel. Christ has commissioned his apostles to go in the world and make disciples, baptizing them in His Name. Apostle Paul is exhorting Timothy in 2 Timothy 2:2: “And the things that thou hast heard of me among many witnesses, the same commit thou to faithful men, who shall be able to teach others also.” We see in his exhortation at least four spiritual generations: Paul, Timothy, “faithful men” and “others”. We have the Tradition of the Church, which is passed from generation to generation not so much through writings, but through the lives of the faithful believers.
Rewards and judgments
Thus we are judged by God not only for personal sins or personal holiness, but also for the influence we have on others.
Christ told us about the reward:
And whosoever shall give to drink unto one of these little ones a cup of cold water only in the name of a disciple, verily I say unto you, he shall in no wise lose his reward. (Matthew 10:42)
…and also told us about the judgment:
But whoso shall offend one of these little ones which believe in me, it were better for him that a millstone were hanged about his neck, and that he were drowned in the depth of the sea. (Matthew 18:6)
If those to whom we give a cup of water learn to give a cup of water, the reward is even greater. If those we offend learn to offend, the judgment will be even harsher.
How far does this chain of good or evil go? We do not know. We may be completely ignorant of the effects we have created. We may leave this world thinking that our responsibility is finished, but generations after generations may continue and amplify what we have started during our journey through this world. It is only at the Last Judgment when all will be known, when all will be discovered. “For nothing is secret, that shall not be made manifest; neither any thing hid, that shall not be known and come abroad.” (Luke 9:17).
We have a beautiful tradition among the orthodox to offer koliva in memory of a departed family member. As many other symbols in the Orthodox Church, koliva has a multitude of meanings. The wheat seeds symbolize the hope for life and resurrection. But koliva is also a gift to the living, a gesture that continues the goodness of the departed even after their death. We are good to others because the departed person was good to us, and we feel we want to tell about this goodness and pass it to others.
Thus we can amplify the good that we have received from others, adding to their reward, and we can stop the evil they may have done, calling God’s mercy over them. Others may do the same for us. In the family and church we work out our salvation together, in a living community of faith and love.
While many are lost alone, we are saved together.